Joined the programme in 2020

Cities Changing Diabetes in Malmö is focused on addressing the significant differences in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes across communities, paying particular attention to the socioeconomic and cultural factors that make some communities in this multicultural city more vulnerable. 

sunset view of port of Malmo, Sweden

In recent years, the diabetes problem in the city has grown significantly; between 2011 and 2018, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Malmö doubled.1 While the average prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the city is 4.3%, there are considerable differences between neighbourhoods ranging from 2.6% to 6.4%2.

Key facts and figures

2011 - 2018


The prevalence of type 2 diabetes doubled in Malmö1



of adults in Malmö are living with diabetes1



1 in 6


preschool student is either overweight or obese1





nationalities represented among its inhabitants3

Mapping by Cities Changing Diabetes in Malmö revealed that prevalence is associated with socioeconomic status. The highest prevalence of type 2 diabetes occurs in an area with a lower income level and a lower level of education. The rising condition has driven the increase in type 2 diabetes among the younger population in recent years.


A whole-system approach to tackling diabetes

Having mapped diabetes in the city, Cities Changing Diabetes in Malmö has created three collaborative workstreams and working groups - representing all local stakeholders - to take a whole-system approach to children and adults at risk for developing diabetes and diabetes-related complications. This cross-collaborative working model has allowed for in-depth discussions about feasible intervention ideas.


The proposals range from communicating healthy habits to young children and introducing health promotion in the training of teachers to initiating programmes that take a more structured approach to the care of newly diagnosed diabetes patients. Intervention ideas are currently being designed for implementation and evaluation. 

"The causes of diabetes are complex and interlinked. That means that knowledge and experience sharing in partnerships such as Cities Changing Diabetes is crucial in addressing many of the modifiable social and environmental factors that lead to obesity and diabetes. This work can also be strongly linked to Malmö City's focus on sustainable development within the framework of Agenda 2030."

 Katrin Jammeh, Mayor of Malmö


Download the synopsis of the mapping results (in Swedish)


Rämgård M, Zdravkovic S, Grahn M, Schölin T, Nagorny Holmberg C, Annersten Gershater M. Inequalities in diabetes type 2 prevalence in the multicultural city Malmö, Sweden. European Journal of Public Health. 2021;31(Supplement_3)doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckab165.249


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