Joined the Programme in 2020

Launched in 2020, the Cities Changing Diabetes programme in Krakow will promote actions and interventions to create a healthier urban environment for its citizens with a special emphasis on the school environment.

Krakow, Poland. View Of The Florianska Gate Krakow, the Medieval

Krakow is located in the Małopolska region in Poland, a region with the highest prevalence of obesity among people between 31 and 60 years of age. During the last decade there has been an increase in the number of people diagnosed with diabetes in the Małopolska region, especially in the Krakow Metropolitan Area. 


Key facts and figures


In Poland, 20% of girls and 31% of boys are overweight, which makes them prone to type 2 diabetes in adulthood.1

Krakow is one of the largest cities in Poland and a city full of energy and busy people. Residents live under pressure of time and climbing the career ladder, which is why a healthy lifestyle is often neglected. Such a trend contributes to the increase in diabetes among the residents of the city. The Cities Changing Diabetes programme in Krakow is aiming at influencing a pro-healthy attitudes among its residents. The partners in Krakow will work towards improving awareness and knowledge in selected professional groups, such as teachers, since they are responsible for providing future generations with knowledge.

The two cities of Warsaw and Krakow in Poland are collaborating on both the research- and the action phase of Cities Changing Diabetes. This means that local partners from Krakow have joined the Cities Changing Diabetes Warsaw Scientific Council established in 2019. The local partners in Krakow consists of clinicians and patient organizations, and their ambition is to develop interventions to improve the health of the citizens in Krakow. 

“We estimate that even 25% of people with diabetes do not know they have diabetes. In the context of this problem, an important role rests on general practitioners, who should refer the patient to regular blood sugar tests. As a result, irregularities can be detected quickly and effective treatment can be implemented. Raising awareness among patients and physicians about diabetes and the effects of obesity should be our priority. These challenges are part of our Cities Changing Diabetes Programme. We will carry out activities under the Program together with other experts in Krakow. ”

— Prof. Maciej Tadeusz Małecki, Head of the Department and Clinic of Metabolic Diseases, Jagiellonian University Medical College

“Local activities, directly targeted at residents of cities, are of great importance and should aim at reducing the prevalence of diabetes. Decentralization in the health care system allows for a thorough examination of the needs of residents and the challenges they face in the case of civilization diseases. The Cities Changing Diabetes program enables the implementation of preventive measures at the local level, which is extremely valuable in the process of reducing the prevalence of diabetes. "

— Prof. Iwona Kowalska-Bobko, Head of Health Policy and Management Department, Faculty of Health Science, Institute of Public Health, Jagiellonian University Medical College


The report "Sugar, obesity - consequences" prepared by the Department of Analysis and Strategy of the National Health Fund